Subject : English 2nd Paper
Time: 3 hrs. Full Marks: 100
PART - A
Read the following passage and answer questions 1—8 that follow :
For the very survival man had to engage himself in trade. It began with the primitive barter which means exchanging one thing for another. With the growth of civilization and advent of international trade, barter was replaced by the complex world of the market place. Money standard weights and measures were developed to facilitate exchange.. Today, the market place allows products, processes and even ideas to be exchanged between nations.
There are a member of reasons why international trade takes place. All the countries of the world cannot produce all the goods they need. So the common and primary reason is that the countries which have surplus commodities or unused resource try to export them to the countries where they are not produced or are not available.
As we know at an early stage, trade was confined to only exchange of goods called barter. But barter had certain limitations because when a farmer wanted meat in exchange for his food-grains, the hunter did not need them. So man thought out a common means of exchange what we now call money. But as trade has become international, transaction between countries has become complicated too for their exit in different countries different kinds of money with different values. To solve this problem, mechanisms have been developed with much care and in great detail to effect transfer of payments from one country to another.
By selling or exporting goods and services to other countries we earn foreign exchange. This foreign exchange is used in importing the goods and services we need. So in international trade, foreign exchange plays a vital role. In fact, the more a country exports, the high is its foreign exchange earning.
1. True or false? Correct the incorrect ones :- 1x5=5
a) Man devoted himself to trade for his existence.
b) The barter system has been abolished because of the advancement of civilization.
c) An import oriented country earns more foreign currency.
d) Today trade is confined to the people of a country.
e) Many reasons led to the growth of trade.
2. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs provided : 1x5=5
Man (a) ____ (engage) himself in trade to survive. The history of trade (b) _____ (date) back to primitive age. It (c) _____(start) its journey in the primitive age through barter system. But the barter system (d) _____ (last) long since civilization (e) _____ (spread) far and wide.
3. Make two columns, one showing positive activities and the other negative activities on the basis of the passage. Write down 2 activities in one column and 3 in the other. 1x5=5
4. Match the phrases from column A with ones in column B. There were more phrases in column B than are necessary. 1x5=5
a) Man engaged himself in trade
b) Money works as
c) Many factors word
d) No country is self sufficient
e) In the past barter was
a) a means of evil deeds only.
b) behind international trade
c) a medium of exchange
d) for spending time.
e) in production
f) the medium of exchange.
g) for his existence.
5. Based on information in the reading text, answer each of the following questions in one complete sentence:- 1x5=5
a) What is " barter"?
b) How did trade actually begin?
c) What are the limitations of barter?
d) What are the reasons that make countries trade with each other?
e) Why has trade become complicated when it has become international?
6. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words :- 1x5=5
With the (a) _______of civilization trade and commerce spread more. But barter system stood on the d) _____of transaction. So, men thought of finding out a new way of (c) ____ which resulted in the invention of money. But this money could not remove the (d) ____ faced by the businessmen to help them in transaction because of the different values of different money of different countries. So, to facilitate the transaction an acceptable currency named (e) _____exchange was introduced.
7. Make short notes by writing one point of information from the passage under each heading. 1x5=5
a) Man's engagement in trade?
c) Replaument of barter?
d) Source of earning foreign exchange?
e) Common means of exchange?
8. Summaries the central idea of the passage in five sentences. 1x5=5
PART - B
9. Fill in the blanks in the letter below with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1/2x20=20
Dear " Suchi"
I (a) _____ ( receive) your letter yesterday. It (b) _____ (give) me great pleasure that you (c) ____ (obtain) GPA 5 in the pretest Examination though you were very busy in dancing competition, of comes, there (d) ____ (be) no mention in your letter about your future plan which (e) _____(be) so important. You know, without plan nothing (f) ______ create) on earth and everything (g) ______(go) on accordingly. So it is important that you (h) _____(make) a plan of what you (i) _____(go) to do next. First, you decide what (j) _____ ( interest) you most. Remember, taking admission to a chosen department (k) _____ (become) uncertain. Nowadays, competition (l) ____ (held) among the best students. It (m) ____ (see) that even some of those who (n) ____ ( secure) GPA 5 last year (o) ______ (fail) to take admission to their desired subjects.
So, you (p) ______ (think) of alternative choice as well. Meet professor Zaman, our father's friend who (q) ____ (give) you some better suggestion. I (r) ____ ( look) forward to hearing from you soon. Rita (s) ____ (do) well. She (t) _____ (stand) first in her examination.
Your elder sister,
10. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words or phrases. You may use the same word more than once, if necessary. 1x10=10
Early rising (a) _____ getting up early in the morning. It is very good and important (b) ____ good health. (c)____ early can say his prayer to the Almighty. Early in the morning the nature (d) _____ clam. (e) ______ up early, we can in hale fresh oxygen. In the morning nature (f) ______with beautiful flowers. The beautiful sights and scenery (g)______our eyes. The (h) _____of the birds pleases us. (i) ____ more an early rises can earn more. So, by (j)___ early rising, one can be a gainer in many ways.
11. Answer the following questions to form a continuous paragraph (100) words. 10
a) Who is a teacher?
b) What is his role?
c) What qualities does he possess?
d) Why is he busy?
e) What is his only thought?
12. Imagine that you would like to attract the attention of your pen-friend about the celebration of the independence day in your college.
Describe all the nice things that you have done in such a way that he may feel interest in it. Try to make the features appear attractive. 10
13. Write a letter to you friend describing the importance of learning English in our country. 10
14. Suppose you attend a seminar on " International Mother Language Day".
You have been asked to tell about it. Write about it now. ( Include details about the importance of mother language, sacrifice of our heroic sons for the cause of our mother language, remembrance of the day.) Write about it in 150 words. 10