Class – XII
Subject English 1st Paper
Time : 3 hrs. Marks.100
Part - A ( seen Comprehension)
Read the passage below and answer the questions 1-4 :
The British have a reputatioin for keeping their emotions private and for being reserved in their public behaviour. There are some obvious things that people from over seas notice in British behaviour. For example, on public transport, people do not usually talk to other passengers. On meeting, people do not embrace and often simply shake hands on a first introduction. In theatres, concert halls and cinemas, audiences are quiet during performances and reactions are often restrained. None of these behaviour traits, however, need to be interpreted by visitors as unfriendliness and in general, if a visitor makes the first move to start a conversation, they will find that British people are friendly and very considerate. On the other hand, some aspects of British behaviour might seem too informal for foreigners. An example is the informal use of first names among staff holding different status at work. Although it would be a blasphemy for a student to call his/her teachers by their first names in Bangladesh, it is quite common in British colleges and universities.
People in Britain often socialise at home, but unless you know someone very well it is not usual to just ' drop in' without at least telephoning first to make sure that it is convenient.
If you accept an invitation for a meal in someone's home, it is regarded as a definite appointment and it would be considered bad manners not to turn up. If you really do have to cancel an invitation, do let your hosts know as soon as possible, before they start making preparations.
If there are certain foods that you cannot or do not eat, do let your host know in advance, in order to save embarrassment on the day.
Whether you are visiting just for a meal or for a longer stay, it is customary to take a small gift for your host flowers or chocolates, for example.
If you stay with a British family, you should act thoughtfully at all times. Be on time for meals. If you need to miss a meal let your host know if you are going to be staying out late so that they won't worry about you. Offer to help with household chores your offer will probably be turned down but will still be appreciated.
1. Choose the word/ expression to complete each sentence. 1x5=5
a) People from overseas notice some confusing /clear / ambiguous things in British behaviour.
b) The British people are introverts / cultural/ extroverts.
c) During performances audiences are boisterous/ calm/ noisy.
d) To call the teachers by their first name in Bangladesh is honourable/ humiliating / indifferent.
e) The British do not hide/ expose / narrate their emotions to public.
2. True/false? If false, give the correct information. 1x5=5
a) British people are respectful to others' feelings.
b) Shaking hands while meeting is a rare trait of the British behaviour.
c) The British people are different from us in norms and behaviour.
d) British people do not talk unless they are talked to.
3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add any preposition if necessary. 1x5=5
a) The British are very ( socialise) ______.
b) The courtesy of British people are ( example ) _________.
c) The British people are very ( friend) _______ foreigners.
d) They are not in the habit of ( talk) ________on public transport.
e) The British people are ( differ) _________us.
4. Mention five practices in Britain that are different than in Bangladesh. 5
Read the passage below and answer the questions 5 - 8:
There have been significant changes in the types of entertainment over time. Many of these no longer exist. Even if they do, people keep looking for newer forms of entertainment. Thus snake charming, puppet shows, jatra, jarigan, sharigan and kabigan which were common forms of entertainment in the past, have almost lost their appeal. Radio, which used to be a good souice of entertainment in the past, it is now giving place to television, and to satellite channels in particular. The entertainment business, like otehr spheres of life, is getting westernised day by day. Folk music or palligeeti is now sung with western instruments. At the same time, modern music is now fusing melodies from folk and traditional songs. In general, band and pop music is becoming more and popular, particularly among the young generation.
Sport has become a great source of entertainment today. Football, which used to be the most popular spectator sport in Bangladesh, is gradually being replaced by circket as a popular form of sports entertainment.
5. Give short answers to the following questions. 1x5=5
a) Is there any change in the field of entertainment in our country?
b) What were the common forms of entertainment in the past?
c) What instruments are now used in singing folk music?
d) Why have the old forms of entertainment lost their appeal?
e) How do you evaluate the changes taking place in the spheres of entertainment?
6. Fill in the blanks with suitable words form the text. 1x5=5
Change is the (a) ______ of the day. Everything (b) _______ in course of time. What is new today. Will grow old tomorrow. In the same way we notice changes in the matter of (c) _____ . At present our people find little (d) _____ in jarigan, sharigan and kabigan. Our melodious nad meaningful BAngla songs are yielding place (e) _______ the vociferous.
7. Summarise the passage in five sentences. 5
8. Based on the reading of your passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the changes in entertainment through the ages ( No. 1 has been done for you.)
1. Snake charming common form of entertainment in the past
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Part -B ( Vocabulary)
9. Fill in the gaps with a suitable word from the box ( make any grammatical changes if necessary). There are more words in the box than you need. 1x10=10
Trees are very useful to human beings. They (a) ________ the rich top soil from being (b) ______ away by rain water and floods. Your can see trees being (c) ______ along mountain slopes, on roadsides, in parks and gardens. Trees give us shade. They (d) ________life to a place with their colourful flowers, beautiful leaves, fruits and thick trunks. They (e) _____ shelters for birds and animals. Thee give us timber, medicines, paper, gum and many other useful things. They (f) ______ in carbon dioxide and (g) _____ oxygen. An you know by no man (h) ______ oxygen to (i) ______ and live. Trees are our best friends. We should (j) _____ them and plant more trees around us.
10. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 1x10=10
Global warming is a serious concern for the world, which threatens the existence of the whole world. World temperature is (a) _____ day by day. Many people believe that the (b) ______ amount of carbon dioxide in the air is (c) _____ the increase of heat. (d) _____ of forests and trees, smoke, burning of oils (e) _____carbon gases. If this increase in world temperature (f) _____ on unabated, a time may come when the ice cap in the polar (g) _____ may start (h) _____ . This will cause the (i) ______ in the sea level. As a result of the sea level rise, the low lying (j) _______ areas like Bangladesh, Maldives, California will go down under water by the mid way through the next century.
Part -C ( Writing Skill)
11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentence. Write the sentences in full. 2x6 =12
(i) Robinson Crusoe
that he should go
(ii) His father
did not want
to be a sailor
from his boyhood
to study law
(v) His father
did not like
12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled.
Rewrite the sentences in the proper order and in a continuous paragraph to make a story. 1x14=14
(i) Then he saw a spider trying to reach the ceiling of the cave.
(ii) But if did not give up hope.
(iii) The spider failed again and again to succeed.
(iv) Bruce saw the spider climbing to the ceiling after some unsuccessful attempts.
(v) He gathered an army of strong men and attacked his enemies.
(vi) This dauntless spider inspired Bruce to shake off the darkness of despair.
(vii) The enemies courted defeat and Robert Bruce regained his kingdom.
(viii) The king fought bravely but lost the battle.
(ix) Robert Bruce was a famous king of scotland.
(x) He had to flee from his kingdom to save his life.
(xi) Enemies invaded his kingdom.
(xii) He took shelter in a remote cave.
(xiii) Once he was lying in the cave.
(xiv) The king was always in a gloomy state for his unhappy condition.
13. Write a paragraph about ' Your Childhood' by answering the questions below. 14
a) Do you remember your childhood days?
b) Where were you born?
c) How did your parents use to make you pleased when you were sad?
d) How did you pass your very childhood with your friends?
e) Who took you to school?
f) How did you feel when you first went to school?